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# *******************************************************************************
# * Copyright (c) 2011 Wind River Systems, Inc. and others.
# * All rights reserved. This program and the accompanying materials
# * are made available under the terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0
# * which accompanies this distribution, and is available at
# * http://www.eclipse.org/legal/epl-v10.html
# *
# * Contributors:
# *     Wind River Systems - initial API and implementation
# *******************************************************************************

"""
File System service provides file transfer (and more generally file
system access) functionality in TCF. The service design is
derived from SSH File Transfer Protocol specifications.

     Request Synchronization and Reordering

The protocol and implementations MUST process requests relating to
the same file in the order in which they are received.  In other
words, if an application submits multiple requests to the server, the
results in the responses will be the same as if it had sent the
requests one at a time and waited for the response in each case.  For
example, the server may process non-overlapping read/write requests
to the same file in parallel, but overlapping reads and writes cannot
be reordered or parallelized.  However, there are no ordering
restrictions on the server for processing requests from two different
file transfer connections.  The server may interleave and parallelize
them at will.

There are no restrictions on the order in which responses to
outstanding requests are delivered to the client, except that the
server must ensure fairness in the sense that processing of no
request will be indefinitely delayed even if the client is sending
other requests so that there are multiple outstanding requests all
the time.

There is no limit on the number of outstanding (non-acknowledged)
requests that the client may send to the server.  In practice this is
limited by the buffering available on the data stream and the queuing
performed by the server.  If the server's queues are full, it should
not read any more data from the stream, and flow control will prevent
the client from sending more requests.

     File Names

This protocol represents file names as strings.  File names are
assumed to use the slash ('/') character as a directory separator.

File names starting with a slash are "absolute", and are relative to
the root of the file system.  Names starting with any other character
are relative to the user's default directory (home directory). Client
can use 'user()' command to retrieve current user home directory.

Servers SHOULD interpret a path name component ".." as referring to
the parent directory, and "." as referring to the current directory.
If the server implementation limits access to certain parts of the
file system, it must be extra careful in parsing file names when
enforcing such restrictions.  There have been numerous reported
security bugs where a ".." in a path name has allowed access outside
the intended area.

An empty path name is valid, and it refers to the user's default
directory (usually the user's home directory).

Otherwise, no syntax is defined for file names by this specification.
Clients should not make any other assumptions however, they can
splice path name components returned by readdir() together
using a slash ('/') as the separator, and that will work as expected.
"""

from tcf import services

# Service name.
NAME = "FileSystem"

# Flags to be used with open() method.

# Open the file for reading.
TCF_O_READ              = 0x00000001

# Open the file for writing. If both this and TCF_O_READ are
# specified, the file is opened for both reading and writing.
TCF_O_WRITE             = 0x00000002

# Force all writes to append data at the end of the file.
TCF_O_APPEND            = 0x00000004

# If this flag is specified, then a new file will be created if one
# does not already exist (if TCF_O_TRUNC is specified, the new file will
# be truncated to zero length if it previously exists).
TCF_O_CREAT             = 0x00000008

# Forces an existing file with the same name to be truncated to zero
# length when creating a file by specifying TCF_O_CREAT.
# TCF_O_CREAT MUST also be specified if this flag is used.
TCF_O_TRUNC             = 0x00000010

# Causes the request to fail if the named file already exists.
# TCF_O_CREAT MUST also be specified if this flag is used.
TCF_O_EXCL              = 0x00000020

# Flags to be used together with FileAttrs.
# The flags specify which of the fields are present.  Those fields
# for which the corresponding flag is not set are not present (not
# included in the message).
ATTR_SIZE               = 0x00000001
ATTR_UIDGID             = 0x00000002
ATTR_PERMISSIONS        = 0x00000004
ATTR_ACMODTIME          = 0x00000008

class FileAttrs(object):
    """
    FileAttrs is used both when returning file attributes from
    the server and when sending file attributes to the server.  When
    sending it to the server, the flags field specifies which attributes
    are included, and the server will use default values for the
    remaining attributes (or will not modify the values of remaining
    attributes).  When receiving attributes from the server, the flags
    specify which attributes are included in the returned data.  The
    server normally returns all attributes it knows about.

    Fields:
    The 'flags' specify which of the fields are present.
    The 'size' field specifies the size of the file in bytes.
    The 'uid' and 'gid' fields contain numeric Unix-like user and group
    identifiers, respectively.
    The 'permissions' field contains a bit mask of file permissions as
    defined by posix [1].
    The 'atime' and 'mtime' contain the access and modification times of
    the files, respectively. They are represented as milliseconds from
    midnight Jan 1, 1970 in UTC.
    attributes - Additional (non-standard) attributes.
    """
    def __init__(self, flags, size, uid, gid, permissions, atime, mtime, attributes):
        self.flags = flags
        self.size = size
        self.uid = uid
        self.gid = gid
        self.permissions = permissions
        self.atime = atime
        self.mtime = mtime
        self.attributes = attributes

    def isFile(self):
        """
        Determines if the file system object is a file on the remote file system.

        @return True if and only if the object on the remote system can be considered to have "contents" that
        have the potential to be read and written as a byte stream.
        """
        if (self.flags & ATTR_PERMISSIONS) == 0: return False
        return (self.permissions & S_IFMT) == S_IFREG

    def isDirectory(self):
        """
        Determines if the file system object is a directory on the remote file system.

        @return True if and only if the object on the remote system is a directory.
        That is, it contains entries that can be interpreted as other files.
        """
        if (self.flags & ATTR_PERMISSIONS) == 0: return False
        return (self.permissions & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR

# The following flags are defined for the 'permissions' field:
S_IFMT     = 0170000   # bitmask for the file type bitfields
S_IFSOCK   = 0140000   # socket
S_IFLNK    = 0120000   # symbolic link
S_IFREG    = 0100000   # regular file
S_IFBLK    = 0060000   # block device
S_IFDIR    = 0040000   # directory
S_IFCHR    = 0020000   # character device
S_IFIFO    = 0010000   # fifo
S_ISUID    = 0004000   # set UID bit
S_ISGID    = 0002000   # set GID bit (see below)
S_ISVTX    = 0001000   # sticky bit (see below)
S_IRWXU    = 00700     # mask for file owner permissions
S_IRUSR    = 00400     # owner has read permission
S_IWUSR    = 00200     # owner has write permission
S_IXUSR    = 00100     # owner has execute permission
S_IRWXG    = 00070     # mask for group permissions
S_IRGRP    = 00040     # group has read permission
S_IWGRP    = 00020     # group has write permission
S_IXGRP    = 00010     # group has execute permission
S_IRWXO    = 00007     # mask for permissions for others (not in group)
S_IROTH    = 00004     # others have read permission
S_IWOTH    = 00002     # others have write permission
S_IXOTH    = 00001     # others have execute permission

class DirEntry(object):
    """
    Directory entry.
    Fields:
    'filename' is a file name being returned. It is a relative name within
    the directory, without any path components
    'longname' is an expanded format for the file name, similar to what
    is returned by "ls -l" on Unix systems.
    The format of the 'longname' field is unspecified by this protocol.
    It MUST be suitable for use in the output of a directory listing
    command (in fact, the recommended operation for a directory listing
    command is to simply display this data).  However, clients SHOULD NOT
    attempt to parse the longname field for file attributes they SHOULD
    use the attrs field instead.
    'attrs' is the attributes of the file.
    """
    def __init__(self, filename, longname, attrs):
        self.filename = filename
        self.longname = longname
        self.attrs = attrs

class FileHandle(object):
    def __init__(self, service, id):
        self.service = service
        self.id = id

    def getService(self):
        return self.service

    def __str__(self):
        return "[File Handle '%s'" % self.id

# Service specific error codes.

# Indicates end-of-file condition for read() it means that no
# more data is available in the file, and for readdir() it
# indicates that no more files are contained in the directory.
STATUS_EOF = 0x10001

# This code is returned when a reference is made to a file which
# should exist but doesn't.
STATUS_NO_SUCH_FILE = 0x10002

# is returned when the authenticated user does not have sufficient
# permissions to perform the operation.
STATUS_PERMISSION_DENIED = 0x10003

class FileSystemException(IOError):
    """
    The class to represent File System error reports.
    """
    def __init__(self, message_or_exception):
        if isinstance(message_or_exception, str):
            super(FileSystemException, self).__init__(message_or_exception)
        elif isinstance(message_or_exception, Exception):
            self.caused_by = message_or_exception
    def getStatus(self):
        """
        Get error code. The code can be standard TCF error code or
        one of service specific codes, see STATUS_*.
        @return error code.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

class FileSystemService(services.Service):
    def getName(self):
        return NAME

    def open(self, file_name, flags, attrs, done):
        """
        Open or create a file on a remote system.

        @param file_name specifies the file name.  See 'File Names' for more information.
        @param flags is a bit mask of TCF_O_* flags.
        @param attrs specifies the initial attributes for the file.
         Default values will be used for those attributes that are not specified.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def close(self, handle, done):
        """
        Close a file on a remote system.

        @param handle is a handle previously returned in the response to
        open() or opendir().
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def read(self, handle, offset, len, done):
        """
        Read bytes from an open file.
        In response to this request, the server will read as many bytes as it
        can from the file (up to 'len'), and return them in a byte array.
        If an error occurs or EOF is encountered, the server may return
        fewer bytes then requested. Call back method doneRead() argument 'error'
        will be not None in case of error, and argument 'eof' will be
        True in case of EOF. For normal disk files, it is guaranteed
        that this will read the specified number of bytes, or up to end of file
        or error. For e.g. device files this may return fewer bytes than requested.

        @param handle is an open file handle returned by open().
        @param offset is the offset (in bytes) relative
        to the beginning of the file from where to start reading.
        If offset < 0 then reading starts from current position in the file.
        @param len is the maximum number of bytes to read.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def write(self, handle, offset, data, data_pos, data_size, done):
        """
        Write bytes into an open file.
        The write will extend the file if writing beyond the end of the file.
        It is legal to write way beyond the end of the file the semantics
        are to write zeroes from the end of the file to the specified offset
        and then the data.

        @param handle is an open file handle returned by open().
        @param offset is the offset (in bytes) relative
        to the beginning of the file from where to start writing.
        If offset < 0 then writing starts from current position in the file.
        @param data is byte array that contains data for writing.
        @param data_pos if offset in 'data' of first byte to write.
        @param data_size is the number of bytes to write.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def stat(self, path, done):
        """
        Retrieve file attributes.

        @param path - specifies the file system object for which
        status is to be returned.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def lstat(self, path, done):
        """
        Retrieve file attributes.
        Unlike 'stat()', 'lstat()' does not follow symbolic links.

        @param path - specifies the file system object for which
        status is to be returned.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def fstat(self, handle, done):
        """
        Retrieve file attributes for an open file (identified by the file handle).

        @param handle is a file handle returned by 'open()'.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def setstat(self, path, attrs, done):
        """
        Set file attributes.
        This request is used for operations such as changing the ownership,
        permissions or access times, as well as for truncating a file.
        An error will be returned if the specified file system object does
        not exist or the user does not have sufficient rights to modify the
        specified attributes.

        @param path specifies the file system object (e.g. file or directory)
        whose attributes are to be modified.
        @param attrs specifies the modifications to be made to file attributes.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def fsetstat(self, handle, attrs, done):
        """
        Set file attributes for an open file (identified by the file handle).
        This request is used for operations such as changing the ownership,
        permissions or access times, as well as for truncating a file.

        @param handle is a file handle returned by 'open()'.
        @param attrs specifies the modifications to be made to file attributes.
        @param done is call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def opendir(self, path, done):
        """
        The opendir() command opens a directory for reading.
        Once the directory has been successfully opened, files (and
        directories) contained in it can be listed using readdir() requests.
        When the client no longer wishes to read more names from the
        directory, it SHOULD call close() for the handle.  The handle
        should be closed regardless of whether an error has occurred or not.

        @param path - name of the directory to be listed (without any trailing slash).
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def readdir(self, handle, done):
        """
        The files in a directory can be listed using the opendir() and
        readdir() requests.  Each readdir() request returns one
        or more file names with full file attributes for each file.  The
        client should call readdir() repeatedly until it has found the
        file it is looking for or until the server responds with a
        message indicating an error or end of file. The client should then
        close the handle using the close() request.
        Note: directory entries "." and ".." are NOT included into readdir()
        response.
        @param handle - file handle created by opendir()
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def mkdir(self, path, attrs, done):
        """
        Create a directory on the server.

        @param path - specifies the directory to be created.
        @param attrs - new directory attributes.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def rmdir(self, path, done):
        """
        Remove a directory.
        An error will be returned if no directory
        with the specified path exists, or if the specified directory is not
        empty, or if the path specified a file system object other than a
        directory.

        @param path - specifies the directory to be removed.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def roots(self, done):
        """
        Retrieve file system roots - top level file system objects.
        UNIX file system can report just one root with path "/". Other types of systems
        can have more the one root. For example, Windows server can return multiple roots:
        one per disc (e.g. "/C:/", "/D:/", etc.). Note: even Windows implementation of
        the service must use forward slash as directory separator, and must start
        absolute path with "/". Server should implement proper translation of
        protocol file names to OS native names and back.

        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def remove(self, file_name, done):
        """
        Remove a file or symbolic link.
        This request cannot be used to remove directories.

        @param file_name is the name of the file to be removed.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def realpath(self, path, done):
        """
        Canonicalize any given path name to an absolute path.
        This is useful for converting path names containing ".." components or
        relative pathnames without a leading slash into absolute paths.

        @param path specifies the path name to be canonicalized.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def rename(self, old_path, new_path, done):
        """
        Rename a file.
        It is an error if there already exists a file
        with the name specified by 'new_path'.  The server may also fail rename
        requests in other situations, for example if 'old_path' and 'new_path'
        point to different file systems on the server.

        @param old_path is the name of an existing file or directory.
        @param new_path is the new name for the file or directory.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def readlink(self, path, done):
        """
        Read the target of a symbolic link.

        @param path specifies the path name of the symbolic link to be read.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def symlink(self, link_path, target_path, done):
        """
        Create a symbolic link on the server.

        @param link_path specifies the path name of the symbolic link to be created.
        @param target_path specifies the target of the symbolic link.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def copy(self, src_path, dst_path, copy_permissions, copy_ownership, done):
        """
        Copy a file on remote system.

        @param src_path specifies the path name of the file to be copied.
        @param dst_path specifies destination file name.
        @param copy_permissions - if True then copy source file permissions.
        @param copy_ownership - if True then copy source file UID and GID.
        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

    def user(self, done):
        """
        Retrieve information about user account, which is used by server
        to access file system on behalf of the client.

        @param done - result call back object.
        @return pending command handle.
        """
        raise NotImplementedError("Abstract methods")

class DoneOpen(object):
    def doneOpen(self, token, error, handle):
        pass

class DoneClose(object):
    def doneClose(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneRead(object):
    def doneRead(self, token, error, data, eof):
        pass

class DoneWrite(object):
    def doneWrite(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneStat(object):
    def doneStat(self, token, error, attrs):
        pass

class DoneSetStat(object):
    def doneSetStat(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneReadDir(object):
    def doneReadDir(self, token, error, entries, eof):
        pass

class DoneMkDir(object):
    def doneMkDir(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneRemove(object):
    def doneRemove(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneRoots(object):
    def doneRoots(self, token, error, entries):
        pass

class DoneRealPath(object):
    def doneRealPath(self, token, error, path):
        pass

class DoneRename(object):
    def doneRename(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneReadLink(object):
    def doneReadLink(self, token, error, path):
        pass

class DoneSymLink(object):
    def doneSymLink(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneCopy(object):
    def doneCopy(self, token, error):
        pass

class DoneUser(object):
    def doneUser(self, token, error, real_uid, effective_uid, real_gid, effective_gid, home):
        pass

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