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<title>Create ID mappings</title>
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<p><a id="BABGEFDI" name="BABGEFDI"></a></p>
<div class="sect3"><!-- infolevel="all" infotype="General" -->
<h1>Create ID mappings</h1>
<p>Use an <span class="bold">ID Mapping</span> to specify the primary key of an entity. Each persistent entity must have an ID. Notice that the Problems view reports that each entity is missing an ID.</p>
<ol start="1">
<li>
<p>Select the <span class="bold">Employee</span> entity in the Package Explorer view.</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>Expand the <span class="bold">Employee</span> entity in the <a href="ref_persistence_outline.htm#BABEGGFE">JPA Structure view</a> and select the <span class="bold">id</span> field. The <a href="ref_persistence_map_view.htm#BABIFBAF">JPA Details view (for attributes)</a> displays the properties for the field.</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>In the <span class="gui-object-title">Map As</span> field, select <span class="gui-object-action">ID</span>.</p>
<div class="figure"><a id="sthref27" name="sthref27"></a>
<p class="titleinfigure">ID Mapping for emp_id Field</p>
<img src="img/persistence_view_empid.png" alt="JPA Details view for the emp_id field." title="JPA Details view for the emp_id field." /><br /></div>
<!-- class="figure" --></li>
<li>
<p>Use this table to complete the remaining fields in the <span class="gui-object-title">JPA Details</span> view.</p>
<div class="inftblruleinformal">
<table class="RuleInformal" title="This table lists the fields in the Persistence Properties view for this mapping." summary="This table lists the fields in the Persistence Properties view for this mapping." dir="ltr" border="1" width="100%" frame="border" rules="all" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
<thead>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<th align="left" valign="bottom" id="r1c1-t6">Property</th>
<th align="left" valign="bottom" id="r1c2-t6">Description</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<td align="left" id="r2c1-t6" headers="r1c1-t6">Map As</td>
<td align="left" headers="r2c1-t6 r1c2-t6">Defines this mapping as an <span class="bold">ID Mapping</span>. Dali adds the <code>@Id</code> annotation to the entity.</td>
</tr>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<td align="left" id="r3c1-t6" headers="r1c1-t6">Column</td>
<td align="left" headers="r3c1-t6 r1c2-t6">The database column for the primary key of the table associated with the entity. Select <span class="bold">EMP_ID</span>.
<p>Because the database column (EMP_ID) is named differently than the entity field (id), Dali adds the <code>@Column(name="EMP_ID"</code>) annotation.</p>
</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<br /></div>
<!-- class="inftblruleinformal" --></li>
<li>
<p>Leave all other fields on the tab as their defaults. Expand the <span class="bold">Primary Key Generation</span> area.</p>
<div class="figure"><a id="sthref28" name="sthref28"></a>
<p class="titleinfigure">Primary Key Generation for emp_id Field</p>
<img src="img/persistence_view_empid_pk.png" alt="JPA Details view (with Primary Key options) for the emp_id field." title="JPA Details view (with Primary Key options) for the emp_id field." /><br /></div>
<!-- class="figure" --></li>
<li>
<p>Use this table to complete the Primary Key Generation fields in the <span class="gui-object-title">JPA Details</span> view.</p>
<div class="inftblruleinformal">
<table class="RuleInformal" title="This table lists the fields in the Persistence Properties view for this mapping." summary="This table lists the fields in the Persistence Properties view for this mapping." dir="ltr" border="1" width="100%" frame="border" rules="all" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">
<thead>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<th align="left" valign="bottom" id="r1c1-t7">Property</th>
<th align="left" valign="bottom" id="r1c2-t7">Description</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<td align="left" id="r2c1-t7" headers="r1c1-t7">Generated Value</td>
<td align="left" headers="r2c1-t7 r1c2-t7">These fields define how the primary key is generated.</td>
</tr>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<td align="left" id="r3c1-t7" headers="r1c1-t7">&nbsp;&nbsp;Strategy</td>
<td align="left" headers="r3c1-t7 r1c2-t7">For the tutorial project, use the <span class="bold">Auto</span> option.</td>
</tr>
<tr align="left" valign="top">
<td align="left" id="r4c1-t7" headers="r1c1-t7">&nbsp;&nbsp;Generator&nbsp;Name</td>
<td align="left" headers="r4c1-t7 r1c2-t7">Leave this field blank.</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
<br /></div>
<!-- class="inftblruleinformal" --></li>
</ol>
<p>In the JPA Structure view, the <span class="bold">id</span> field is identified as the primary key by the following icon:</p>
<div class="figure"><a id="sthref29" name="sthref29"></a>
<p class="titleinfigure">JPA Structure for Employee Entity</p>
<img src="img/persistence_outline_empid.png" alt="emp_id attribute of the Employee entity in the JPA Structure view." title="emp_id attribute of the Employee entity in the JPA Structure view." /><br /></div>
<!-- class="figure" -->
<p>Repeat this procedure to map the following primary keys (as shown in <a href="getting_started007.htm#BABDEFDF">Table: Tutorial Database Schema</a>):</p>
<ul>
<li>
<p>The <span class="bold">id</span> field of the <span class="bold">Address</span> entity to the ADDRESS_ID column of the ADDRESS table.</p>
</li>
<li>
<p>The <span class="bold">number</span> field of the <span class="bold">PhoneNumber</span> entity to the P_NUMBER column of the PHONE table.</p>
</li>
</ul>
<p>Next, you will <a href="getting_started015.htm#BABEEFJA">Create basic mappings</a>.</p>
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