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/*****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (c) 2013-2015 CEA LIST.
 *    
 * All rights reserved. This program and the accompanying materials
 * are made available under the terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0
 * which accompanies this distribution, and is available at
 * http://www.eclipse.org/legal/epl-v10.html
 *
 * Contributors:
 *   Ed Seidewitz
 * 
 *****************************************************************************/
import org.eclipse.papyrus.uml.alf.to.fuml.qvt.QVTLibrary;
import AlfStatement2UML;
import UML2AlfLibrary;

modeltype Alf uses "http://www.omg.org/spec/ALF/20120827";
modeltype UML uses "http://www.eclipse.org/uml2/5.0.0/UML";

transformation Alf2UML(in alf : Alf, inout uml : UML)
	extends transformation AlfStatement2UML(in Alf, inout UML)
	access library UML2AlfLibrary;

// blackbox query SyntaxElement::serialize() : String;

main() {
  var model := uml.rootObjects()![Model];
  if (model = null) then {
    model := object Model {
      name := "Model";
    };
  } endif;
  UML2AlfLibrary::setModel(model);
  alf.rootObjects()![UnitDefinition].map toNamespace();
  model.packagedElement := uml.rootObjects()[PackageableElement]->excluding(model);
  applyStereotypes();
  applyDefinitions();
}

// STEREOTYPES

intermediate class StereotypedElement {
  target : Element;
  stereotypeNames : Set(String);
}

property stereotypedElements : Set(StereotypedElement) = Set{}; 

helper addAsStereotyped(inout element : Element, names : Set(String)) {
  stereotypedElements += object StereotypedElement {
    target := element;
    stereotypeNames := names;
  };
  var text := "target=" + element.toString() + "\nstereotypeNames=";
  names->forEach(name) {
  	text := text + name + " ";
  };
  return;
}

query Element::isToBeStereotyped(stereotypeName : String) : Boolean {
	return stereotypedElements->exists(
		target = self and stereotypeNames->includes(stereotypeName)
	);
}

query Element::hasStereotype(stereotypeName : String) : Boolean {
	return self.isStereotypeApplied(self.getStereotype(stereotypeName)) or 
			   self.isToBeStereotyped(stereotypeName);
}

helper applyStereotypes() {
  if stereotypedElements->notEmpty() then {
    stereotypedElements.applyStereotypes();
  } endif;
}

helper StereotypedElement::applyStereotypes() {
//  log("[applyStereotypes] target=" + self.target.toString());
  self.stereotypeNames->forEach(stereotypeName) {
    self.target.applyStereotype(stereotypeName)
  }
}

// Note: The application of stereotypes presumes that a root UML model is passed
// in with the appropriate profile(s) already applied.
helper Element::applyStereotype(name : String) {
  var stereotype := self.getStereotype(name);
//  log("  stereotypeName=" + stereotypeName);
//  log("  stereotype=" + stereotype.toString());
  if stereotype <> null then
    self.applyStereotype(stereotype)
  endif
}

query Element::getStereotype(name : String) : Stereotype {
  var stereotypeName := name;
  var stereotype : Stereotype := null;
  if stereotypeName.indexOf("::") = 0 then {
    var applicableStereotypes := self.getApplicableStereotypes()[name = stereotypeName];
    if applicableStereotypes->size() = 1 then
      stereotype := applicableStereotypes![true]
    else
      stereotypeName := "StandardProfile::" + stereotypeName
    endif
  } endif;
  if (stereotype = null) then
    stereotype := self.getApplicableStereotype(stereotypeName)
  endif;
  return stereotype;
}

// ALF DEFINITIONS OF ACTIVITIES

intermediate class AlfDefinition {
	target : Activity;
	source : SyntaxElement;
}

property alfDefinitions : Set(AlfDefinition) = Set{};

helper addDefinition(activity : Activity, definition : SyntaxElement) {
	var currentDefinitions := alfDefinitions[target = activity];
	if currentDefinitions->notEmpty() then {
		currentDefinitions![true].source := definition;
	} else {
		alfDefinitions += object AlfDefinition {
			target := activity;
			source := definition;
		};
	} endif;
	return;
}

helper applyDefinitions() {
  if alfDefinitions->notEmpty() then {
  	alfDefinitions->forEach(alfDefinition) {
  		var representation = alfDefinition.source.serialize();
  		if alfDefinition.source.oclIsKindOf(Expression) then {
  			if representation.startsWith("=") then {
  				representation := representation.substring(3, representation.length());
  			} endif;
  			representation := "{\n  return " + representation + ";\n}";
  		} endif;
  		if not alfDefinition.source.oclIsKindOf(Activity) then {
  			representation := activityDeclarationFor(alfDefinition.target) + " " + representation;
  		} endif;
  		addTextualRepresentation(alfDefinition.target, representation);
  	};
  } endif;
	return;
}

helper addTextualRepresentation(inout element : Element, representation : String) {
  var comment := object Comment {
  	body := representation;
  	annotatedElement := element;
  };
  element.ownedComment += comment;
  var stereotype := 
    comment.getApplicableStereotype("ActionLanguage::TextualRepresentation");
  if stereotype <> null then {
    comment.applyStereotype(stereotype);
    comment.setValue(stereotype, "language", "Alf");
  } endif;
}

query activityDeclarationFor(activity : Activity) : String {
	var text := "activity " + activity.alfName();
	
	if activity.ownedTemplateSignature <> null then {
		text := text + "<";
		var notFirstParameter := false;
		activity.ownedTemplateSignature.ownedParameter.oclAsType(uml::ClassifierTemplateParameter)->
  		forEach(parameter) {
  			if notFirstParameter then
  			 text := text + ", "
  			endif;
  			text := text + parameter.parameteredElement.oclAsType(Classifier).alfName();
  			if parameter.constrainingClassifier->notEmpty() then {
  				text := text + " specializes " + parameter.constrainingClassifier![true].alfName();
  			} endif;
  			notFirstParameter := true;
  		};
    text := text + ">";
	} endif;
	
	text := text + "(";
	
	var returnParameter : Parameter := null;
	var notFirstParameter := false;
  activity.ownedParameter->forEach(parameter) {
  	if parameter.direction = ParameterDirectionKind::_return then
  	  returnParameter := parameter
  	else {
  		if notFirstParameter then
  		  text := text + ", "
  		endif;
  		text := text + parameter.direction.toString() + " " + 
  			parameter.alfName() + parameter.typePart(activity);
  		notFirstParameter := true;
  	} endif;
  };
  
  text := text + ")";
  
  if returnParameter <> null then
    text := text + returnParameter.typePart(activity)
  endif;
  
  return text;
}

query Parameter::typePart(context : NamedElement) : String {
	return ": " +
	  ( let type = self.type.oclAsType(Classifier) in
	    if type = null then "any" else type.alfPathName(context) endif
	  ) + self.multiplicity();    
}

query MultiplicityElement::multiplicity() : String {
  return
  	if self.lower = 1 and self.upper = 1 then ""
  	else
    	"[" + self.lower.toString() + ".." +
      ( let upper = self.upper in
          if upper < 0 then "*" else upper.toString() endif
      ) + "]"
    endif +
    if self.isOrdered and not self.isUnique then " sequence"
    else if self.isOrdered then " ordered"
    else if not self.isUnique then " nonunique" 
    else "" endif endif endif
}

/*
query NamedElement::alfName() : String {
  return
  	if self.name = null then null
  	else self.name.toName()
  	endif;
}

query String::toName() : String {
  return
   if self.isIdentifier() then self
   else self.toRestrictedName()
   endif;     
}

query String::isIdentifier() : Boolean {
  return self.matches("[a-zA-z_][a-zA-z_0-9]*");
}

query String::toRestrictedName() : String {
  return "'" + self.
   replace("\\", "\\\\").
   replace("\b", "\\b").
   replace("\t", "\\t").
   replace("\n", "\\n").
   replace("\f", "\\f").
   replace("\r", "\\r").
   replace("'", "\\'") +
   "'";
}
*/
// COMMON

// Syntax Elements

mapping SyntaxElement::toUml() : Element
  disjuncts MemberDefinition::memberToNamedElement, Expression::toActivity;
  
// Element References

helper InternalElementReference::toUml() : Element {
  return self.asAlf().map toUml();
}

// UNITS

// Unit Definitions

mapping UnitDefinition::toNamespace() : Namespace 
  inherits DocumentedElement::toElement {
init {
	result := self.definition.map toNamespace();
}
  // TODO: Handle namespace declarations.
  /*
  if self.namespace <> null then
    let namespace =
      if self.namespace.isUml() then
        self.namespace.asUml().oclAsType(Namespace)
      else
        self.namespace.asAlf().oclAsType(NamespaceDefinition).map toNamespace()
      endif 
    in
      if namespace.oclIsKindOf(Package) and result.oclIsKindOf(PackageableElement) then
        namespace.oclAsType(Package).packagedElement += result.oclAsType(PackageableElement)
      else if namespace.oclIsKindOf(Class) and result.oclIsKindOf(Classifier) then
        namespace.oclAsType(Class).nestedClassifier += result.oclAsType(Classifier)
      endif endif
  endif;
  */
  elementImport := self._import[ElementImportReference]->map toElementImport();
  packageImport := self._import[PackageImportReference]->map toPackageImport();
  if self.annotation->notEmpty() then
    addAsStereotyped(result, self.annotation.stereotypeName.pathName->asSet())
  endif;
}

mapping ElementImportReference::toElementImport() : ElementImport
  when { self.referent <> null and self.referent.isPackageableElement() } {
  visibility := toVisibilityKind(self.visibility);
	alias := self.alias;
	importedElement := self.referent.toUml().oclAsType(PackageableElement)
}

mapping PackageImportReference::toPackageImport() : PackageImport
  when { self.referent <> null and self.referent.isPackage() } {
	visibility := toVisibilityKind(self.visibility);
	importedPackage := self.referent.toUml().oclAsType(Package)
}

query toVisibilityKind(visibility : String) : VisibilityKind {
  return 
    if visibility = null then VisibilityKind::package
    else if visibility = "private" then VisibilityKind::private
    else if visibility = "protected" then VisibilityKind::protected
    else if visibility = "public" then VisibilityKind::public
    endif endif endif endif
}

// Members

mapping Member::toNamedElement() : NamedElement
  inherits DocumentedElement::toElement
  when { not self.definition.oclIsKindOf(ClassifierTemplateParameter) } {
init {
  result := self.definition.map memberToNamedElement();
}
  visibility := toVisibilityKind(self.visibility);
  if self.annotation->notEmpty() then
    addAsStereotyped(result, self.annotation.stereotypeName.pathName->asSet())
  endif;
}

abstract mapping MemberDefinition::toNamedElement() : NamedElement {
  name := self.actualName();
}

mapping MemberDefinition::memberToNamedElement() : NamedElement
  disjuncts 
    PropertyDefinition::toProperty, 
    OperationDefinition::toOperation, 
    ReceptionDefinition::toReception, 
    EnumerationLiteralName::toEnumerationLiteral,
    NamespaceDefinition::toNamespace;

mapping MemberDefinition::toFeature() : Feature
  disjuncts PropertyDefinition::toProperty, OperationDefinition::toOperation, ReceptionDefinition::toReception;
  
// Namespace Definitions

mapping NamespaceDefinition::toNamespace() : Namespace
  disjuncts ClassifierDefinition::toNamespace, PackageDefinition::toPackage;
  
// Package Definitions

mapping PackageDefinition::toPackage() : Package
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
  if self.isStub then {
  	name := name + "$stub";
  } else {
  	packagedElement := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[PackageableElement];
  } endif;
}

// Classifier Definitions

abstract mapping ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier() : Classifier
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement
  when { not self.isPrimitive and not self.isExternal } {
//  log("[toClassifier] classifier=" + self.name.toString());
  if self.isStub then {
  	name := name + "$stub";
  } endif;
  isAbstract := self.isAbstract;
	generalization := self.specializationReferent->map toGeneralization();
	var templateParameters := self.ownedMember.definition[ClassifierTemplateParameter];
	if templateParameters->notEmpty() then
	  ownedTemplateSignature := object RedefinableTemplateSignature {
	  	ownedParameter := templateParameters->map toTemplateParameter();
	  }
	endif;
//	end {
//		log("result=" + result.toString());
//	}
}

mapping ElementReference::toGeneralization() : Generalization
  when { self.isClassifier() } {
  general := self.toUml().oclAsType(Classifier);
}

mapping ClassifierDefinition::toNamespace() : Namespace 
  disjuncts 
    ClassifierTemplateParameter::toClassifier,
    BoundClassifier::toClassifier,
    ActiveClassDefinition::toClass,
    ClassDefinition::toClass, 
    DataTypeDefinition::toDataType,
    AssociationDefinition::toAssociation,
    EnumerationDefinition::toEnumeration,
    SignalDefinition::toSignal,
    ActivityDefinition::toActivity;
    
// Classifier Template Parameters

mapping ClassifierTemplateParameter::toTemplateParameter() : uml::ClassifierTemplateParameter {
  var constraint : Classifier := null;
  if self.specializationReferent->notEmpty() then {
    var referent := self.specializationReferent![true];
    if referent <> null and referent.isClassifier() then
      constraint := referent.toUml().oclAsType(Classifier)
    endif
  } endif;
  ownedParameteredElement := 
    if constraint = null then
      object DataType{ }
    else 
      constraint.newInstance()
    endif;
  ownedParameteredElement.oclAsType(Classifier).name := self.actualName();
  ownedParameteredElement.oclAsType(Classifier).isAbstract := true;
  if constraint <> null then
    constrainingClassifier += constraint
  endif;
  allowSubstitutable := false;
}

mapping ClassifierTemplateParameter::toClassifier() : uml::Classifier {
init {
	result := self.map toTemplateParameter().ownedParameteredElement.oclAsType(uml::Classifier);
}
}
  
// Bound Classifiers

mapping BoundClassifier::toClassifier() : Classifier
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
init {
  var template := self.template.toUml().oclAsType(Classifier);
  // log("[toClassifier] bound classifier=" + self.name);
  // log("template=" + template.toString());
  result := template.newInstance();
}
  isAbstract := self.isAbstract;
  var templateSignature := template.ownedTemplateSignature;
  log("signature=" + templateSignature.toString());
  if templateSignature <> null then
    templateBinding := object uml::TemplateBinding {
      signature := templateSignature;
      parameterSubstitution := 
        Sequence{1..self.actual->size().min(signature.parameter->size())}->collect(i |
          object uml::TemplateParameterSubstitution {
            formal := signature.parameter->at(i);
            actual := self.actual->at(i).toUml().oclAsType(ParameterableElement);
          }
      );
    }
  endif;
}

abstract helper Classifier::newInstance() : Classifier;
helper Class::newInstance() : Classifier { return object Class { isActive := self.isActive } }
helper DataType::newInstance() : Classifier { return object DataType {} }
helper Enumeration::newInstance() : Classifier { return object Enumeration {} }
helper Association::newInstance() : Classifier { return object Association {} }
helper Signal::newInstance() : Classifier { return object Signal {} }
helper Activity::newInstance() : Classifier { return object Activity {} }

// Class Definitions

mapping ClassDefinition::toClass() : Class
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier {
	  if not self.isStub then {
		  var members = self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement();
		  
		  ownedAttribute := members[Property];
		  ownedOperation := members[Operation];
		  ownedBehavior := result.ownedOperation.method;
		  nestedClassifier := members[Classifier];
		  
		  ownedAttribute[defaultValue <> null]->forEach(p) {
		    var behavior := p.defaultValue.oclAsType(OpaqueExpression).behavior;
		    behavior.name := uniqueName(p.name + "$defaultValue", result);
		    ownedBehavior += behavior;
		  };
		  ownedOperation.method->forEach(m) {
				m.name := uniqueName(m.specification.name + "$method", result);
				if m.specification.invresolveone(OperationDefinition).isStub then {
					m.name := m.name + "$stub";
				} endif;
		  };
		  
		  // Create initialization flag.
		  var initializationFlagName := uniqueName(self.actualName() + "$initializationFlag", result);
		  var initializationFlag := object Property {
		  	name := initializationFlagName;
		  	lower := 0;
		  	upper := 1;
		  	visibility := VisibilityKind::protected;
		  };
		  ownedAttribute += initializationFlag;
		  
		  // Create initialization operation.
		  var initializationOperationName := uniqueName(self.actualName() + "$initialization", result);
		  var initializationMethod := self.createInitializationMethod(result, initializationFlag, initializationOperationName);
		  var initializationOperation := object Operation {
		  	name := initializationOperationName;
		  	visibility := VisibilityKind::protected;
		  	method := initializationMethod;
		  };
		  ownedOperation += initializationOperation;
		  ownedBehavior += initializationMethod;
		  
		  self.ownedMember.definition[OperationDefinition]->select(not isAbstract and isConstructor)->
		    mapConstructor(initializationFlag, initializationOperation);
		    
		  if not self.ownedMember.definition[OperationDefinition]->exists(isConstructor) then {
		  
		    // Add default constructor.
		  	var activity = object Activity {
		  		name := uniqueName(self.actualName() + "$method", result);
		      ownedParameter := object Parameter {
		        type := result;
		        lower := 1;
		        upper := 1;
		        direction := ParameterDirectionKind::_'return';
		      };
		  	};
		    ownedBehavior += activity;
		    var operation := object Operation {
		      name := self.actualName();
		      method := activity;
		      ownedParameter := object Parameter {
		      	type := result;
		      	lower := 1;
		      	upper := 1;
		      	direction := ParameterDirectionKind::_return;
		      };
		    };
		  	ownedOperation += operation;
		  	addAsStereotyped(operation, Set{"Create"});
		  	mapDefaultConstructor(activity, result, initializationOperation);
		  	
			} endif;
			
		  if not self.ownedMember.definition[OperationDefinition]->exists(isDestructor) then {
		  
		    // Add default destructor.
		    var activity = object Activity {
		      name := uniqueName("destroy$method", result);
		    };
		    ownedBehavior += activity;
		    var operation := object Operation {
		      name := "destroy";
		      method := activity;
		    };
		    ownedOperation += operation;
		    addAsStereotyped(operation, Set{"Destroy"});
		    self.mapDefaultDestructor(activity, result);
		    
	  } endif;    
  } endif;
}

query uniqueName(name : String, namespace : Namespace) : String {
  var i := 1;
  return while (uniqueName := name + "$1"; namespace.ownedMember.name->exists(n | n = uniqueName)) {
    i := i + 1;
    uniqueName := name + "$" + i.toString();
  };
}

helper ClassDefinition::createInitializationMethod(class_ : Class, initializationFlag : Property, operationName: String) : Activity {
	var method = object Activity {
	  name := operationName;
	  visibility := VisibilityKind::protected;
	};
	
	var readSelfAction := object ReadSelfAction {
		activity := method;
		name := "ReadSelf";
		_'result' := object OutputPin {
			name := "ReadSelf.result";
			type := class_;
			lower := 1;
			upper := 1;
		};
	};
	var selfFork := object ForkNode {
		activity := method;
		name := "Fork(" + readSelfAction._'result'.name + ")";
	};
	object ObjectFlow {
		activity := method;
		source := readSelfAction.result;
		target := selfFork;
	};
	
	var initializationNode := object StructuredActivityNode {
		activity := method;
		name := "Initialization";
	};
	
	var previousNode : ActivityNode := null;
	
  // Add initialization of superclass properties.
  // Note: Using the specialization referents ensures that initializations are done
  // in the order in which superclasses are given in the text.
  self.specializationReferent->forEach(referent) {
  	var superclass := referent.resolveone(Generalization).general.oclAsType(Class);
  	var initializationOperation := superclass.initializationOperation();
  	if initializationOperation <> null then {
  		var callActionName := "Call(" + initializationOperation.name + ")";
  		var callAction := object CallOperationAction {
  			inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  			name := callActionName;
  			operation := initializationOperation;
  			target := object InputPin {
  				name := callActionName + ".target";
  				type := superclass;
  				lower := 1;
  				upper := 1;
  			};
  		};
  		object ObjectFlow {
  			activity := method;
  			source := selfFork;
  			target := callAction.target;
  		};
  		if previousNode <> null then {
  			object ControlFlow {
  				inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  				source := previousNode;
  				target := callAction;
  			};
  		} endif;
  		previousNode := callAction;
  	} endif;
  };
  
  // Add initialization of each property that has an initializer.
  class_.ownedAttribute->forEach(attribute) {
  	if attribute.defaultValue <> null then {
  	  var defaultBehavior := attribute.defaultValue.oclAsType(OpaqueExpression).behavior;
  	  var callActionName := "Call(" + defaultBehavior.name + ")";
  	  var callAction := object CallBehaviorAction {
  	  	inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	  	name := callActionName;
  	  	behavior := defaultBehavior;
  	  	_'result' += object OutputPin {
  	  		name := callActionName + ".result";
  	  		type := attribute.type;
  	  		lower := attribute.lower;
  	  		upper := attribute.upper;
  	  	};
  	  };
  	  var graph := self.mapPropertyAssignment(attribute, selfFork, callAction._'result'->at(1));
  	  var node := object StructuredActivityNode {
  	  	inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	  	name := "Initialization(" + attribute.name + ")";
  	  	node := graph.nodes;
  	  };
  	  initializationNode.edge += graph.edges;
  	  if previousNode <> null then {
  	  	object ObjectFlow {
  	  		inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	  		source := previousNode;
  	  		target := node;
  	  	}
  	  } endif;
  	  previousNode := node;
  	} endif;
  };
  
  // Add action to set initialization to true.
  var valueAction := object ValueSpecificationAction {
  	inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	name := "Value(true)";
  	value := object LiteralBoolean {
  		value := true;
  	};
  	_'result' := object OutputPin {
  		name := "Value(true).result";
  		type := initializationFlag.type;
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  };
  var writeActionName := "Write(" + initializationFlag.name + ")";
  var writeAction := object AddStructuralFeatureValueAction {
  	inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	name := writeActionName;
  	structuralFeature := initializationFlag;
  	isReplaceAll := true;
  	_'object' := object InputPin {
  		name := writeActionName + ".object";
  		type := class_;
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  	value := object InputPin {
  		name := writeActionName + ".value";
  		type := initializationFlag.type;
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	}
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
  	source := selfFork;
  	target := writeAction._'object';
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  	source := valueAction._'result';
  	target := writeAction.value;
  };
  if previousNode <> null then {
  	object ControlFlow {
  		inStructuredNode := initializationNode;
  		source := previousNode;
  		target := valueAction;
  	};
  } endif;
  
  // Add decision to skip initialization if this object is already initialized.
	var readActionName := "Read(" + initializationFlag.name + ")";
  var readAction := object ReadStructuralFeatureAction {
  	activity := method;
  	name := readActionName;
  	structuralFeature := initializationFlag;
  	_'object' := object InputPin {
  		name := readActionName + ".object";
  		type := class_;
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  	_'result' := object OutputPin {
  		name := readActionName + ".result";
  		type := initializationFlag.type;
  		lower := 0;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
  	source := selfFork;
  	target := readAction._'object';
  };
  
  var sizeAction := object CallBehaviorAction {
  	activity := method;
  	name := "Call(Size)";
  	behavior := self.functionSize();
  	argument += object InputPin {
  		name := "Call(Size).argument";
  		lower := 0;
  		upper := -1;
  	};
  	_'result' += object OutputPin {
  		name := "Call(Size).result";
  		type := self.integerType().toUml().oclAsType(Type);
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
  	source := readAction._'result';
  	target := sizeAction.argument->at(1);
  };

  valueAction := object ValueSpecificationAction {
  	activity := method;
  	name := "Value(0)";
  	value := object LiteralInteger {
  		value := 0;
  	};
  	_'result' := object OutputPin {
  		name := "Value(0).result";
  		type := sizeAction._'result'->at(1).type;
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  };
  
  var testAction := object TestIdentityAction {
  	activity := method;
  	name := "Test(Size==0)";
  	first := object InputPin {
  		name := "Test(Size==0).first";
  		lower := 0;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  	second := object InputPin {
  		name := "Test(Size==0).second";
  		lower := 0;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  	_'result' := object OutputPin {
  		name := "Test(Size==0).result";
  		type := self.booleanType().toUml().oclAsType(Type);
  		lower := 1;
  		upper := 1;
  	};
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
  	source := sizeAction._'result'->at(1);
  	target := testAction.first;
  };
  object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
  	source := valueAction._'result';
  	target := testAction.second;
  };
  
  var initialNode := object InitialNode {
  	activity := method;
  	name := "InitialNode";
  };
  var graph := createObjectDecisionGraph(
  	"Test(" + initializationFlag.name + ")",
  	initialNode, testAction.result,
  	initializationNode, null
  );
  method.ownedNode += graph.nodes;
  method.edge += graph.edges;
  
	return method;
}

/*
helper adjustName(qualifiedName : String) : String {
  return qualifiedName.tokenize("::")->iterate(name; adjustedName : String = "" |
    if adjustedName = "" then name.toName()
    else adjustedName + "::" + name.toName()
    endif
  )
}
*/

query Class::initializationOperation() : Operation {
	var operation : Operation := null;
  var initializerName := self.name + "$initialization$";
  var n = initializerName.size();
	self.ownedOperation->forEach(ownedOperation) {
		var operationName := ownedOperation.name;
		var m := operationName.size();
		if operationName <> null and m > n and
		   operationName.substring(1, n) = initializerName and
		   operationName.substring(n+1, m).matches("[0-9]+") then {
		   operation := ownedOperation;
		} endif;
	};
	return operation;
}

// Active Class Definitions

mapping ActiveClassDefinition::toClass() : Class
  inherits ClassDefinition::toClass {
  isActive := true;
  if not self.isStub then {
	  ownedReception := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[Reception];
	  ownedReception += self.ownedMember[definition.oclIsKindOf(SignalReceptionDefinition)]->map toReception();
	  if self.classifierBehavior <> null then {
		  classifierBehavior := self.classifierBehavior.map toActivity();
		  classifierBehavior.name := uniqueName(result.name + "$behavior", result);
		  classifierBehavior.visibility := VisibilityKind::private;
		  ownedBehavior += classifierBehavior; // Eclipse implementation only
		  // addDefinition(classifierBehavior.oclAsType(Activity), self.classifierBehavior.body);
	  } endif;
  } endif;
}

// Data Type Definitions

mapping DataTypeDefinition::toDataType() : DataType
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier
  when { not self.isPrimitive } {
  if not self.isStub then {
  	ownedAttribute := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[Property];
  } endif;
}

mapping DataTypeDefinition::toPrimitive() : PrimitiveType
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toNamespace
  when { self.isPrimitive } {	
}
  
// Association Definitions

mapping AssociationDefinition::toAssociation() : Association
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier {
  if not self.isStub then {
		ownedEnd := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[Property];
  } endif;
}

// Enumeration Definitions

mapping EnumerationDefinition::toEnumeration() : Enumeration
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier {
  if not self.isStub then {
  	ownedLiteral := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[EnumerationLiteral];
  } endif;
}

mapping EnumerationLiteralName::toEnumerationLiteral() : EnumerationLiteral
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement;

// Signal Definitions and Signal Reception Definitions

mapping SignalDefinition::toSignal() : Signal
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier {
  if not self.isStub then {
  	ownedAttribute := self.ownedMember->map toNamedElement()[Property];
  } endif;
}

mapping Member::toReception() : Reception
  when { self.definition.oclIsKindOf(SignalReceptionDefinition) } {
  visibility := toVisibilityKind(self.visibility);
  signal := self.definition.resolveone(Signal);
  name := result.signal.name;
}

// Activity Definitions

mapping ActivityDefinition::toActivity() : Activity
  inherits ClassifierDefinition::toClassifier {
init {
  var parameters := self.parameters();
  var returnParameter := self.returnParameter();
  if returnParameter <> null then
    parameters += returnParameter
  endif;
  result := new Activity(parameters->map toParameter());
}
	isActive := self.toReference().isActiveBehavior();
	if not self.isStub then {
	  var stub := self.stub();
	  if stub <> null and stub.isOperation() then {
	  	specification := stub.toUml().oclAsType(Operation);
	  } endif;
		self.body.map toActivity(result);
	  if self.unit->isEmpty() then {
	  	addDefinition(result, self.body);	
	  } endif;
  } endif;
}

query Activity::inputParameterForkFor(parameter : Parameter) : ForkNode {
	var nodes := self.node[
		oclIsKindOf(ActivityParameterNode) and 
		oclAsType(ActivityParameterNode).parameter = parameter and 
		outgoing->notEmpty()];
	return
		if nodes->isEmpty() then null
		else nodes![true].outgoing![true].target.oclAsType(ForkNode)
		endif;
}

// Typed Element Definitions

abstract mapping TypedElementDefinition::toTypedElement() : TypedElement {
  type := 
   if self.type = null or not self.type.isClassifier() then null
   else self.type.toUml().oclAsType(Classifier)
   endif;
}

abstract mapping TypedElementDefinition::toMultiplicityElement() : MultiplicityElement {
	lower := self.lower;
	upper := self.upper;
	
	if self.isSequence then {
		isOrdered := true;
		isUnique := false;
	} else {
		isOrdered := self.isOrdered;
		isUnique := not self.isNonunique;
	} endif;
}

mapping TypedElementDefinition::toParameter() : Parameter
  merges TypedElementDefinition::toTypedElement, TypedElementDefinition::toMultiplicityElement;
  
// Formal Parameters

mapping FormalParameter::toParameter() : Parameter
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
init {
	result := self.typePart.map toParameter();
}
	direction := toParameterDirectionKind(self.direction);
}

query toParameterDirectionKind(direction : String) : ParameterDirectionKind {
  return
   if direction = "in" then ParameterDirectionKind::_in
   else if direction = "out" then ParameterDirectionKind::_out
   else if direction = "inout" then ParameterDirectionKind::_inout
   else if direction = "return" then ParameterDirectionKind::_return
   endif endif endif endif;
}

mapping TypedElementDefinition::toProperty() : Property
  merges TypedElementDefinition::toTypedElement, TypedElementDefinition::toMultiplicityElement;
  
query FormalParameter::assignedValueSource(assignedName : String) : ActivityNode {
	var activity : Activity;
	var parameter : Parameter;
	var context := self.containingMember().namespace;
	var stub := context.stub();
	var element :=
		if stub = null then context.map toUml()
		else stub.toUml() endif;
		
	if element.oclIsKindOf(Operation) then {
		var operation := element.oclAsType(Operation);
		activity := operation.method![true].oclAsType(Activity);
		var i =
			if stub = null then operation.ownedParameter->indexOf(self.map toParameter())
			else context.oclAsType(ActivityDefinition).parameters()->indexOf(self) endif;
		parameter := activity.ownedParameter->at(i);
	} else {
		activity := element.oclAsType(Activity);
		parameter := self.map toParameter();
	} endif;
	
	return activity.inputParameterForkFor(parameter);
	
	/*
	var activityNode = activity.inputParameterForkFor(parameter);
	
	var comment := object Comment {
		annotatedElement += element;
		body :=
			"element = " + nameOf(element) +
			"\nactivity = " + nameOf(activity) +
			"\nparameter = " + nameOf(parameter) +
			"\nactivityNode = " + nameOf(activityNode);
	};
	if element <> null then {
		element.ownedComment += comment;
	} endif;
	
	return activityNode;
	*/
}

// Property Definitions

mapping PropertyDefinition::toProperty() : Property
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
	init {
		result := self.typePart.map toProperty();
	}
	aggregation := 
		if self.isComposite then AggregationKind::composite
		else AggregationKind::none endif;
  if self.initializer <> null then {
  	 var expression := self.initializer.map toOpaqueExpression();
  	 defaultValue := expression;
  } endif;
}

mapping Expression::toOpaqueExpression() : OpaqueExpression {
  behavior := self.map toActivity();
  addDefinition(behavior.oclAsType(Activity), self);
}

// Operation Definitions

mapping OperationDefinition::toOperation() : Operation
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
  isAbstract := self.isAbstract;
  ownedParameter := self.parameters()->map toParameter();
  var returnParameter := self.returnParameter();
  if returnParameter <> null then
    ownedParameter += returnParameter.map toParameter()
  endif;
  if not self.isAbstract then {
  	var activity := new Activity(result.ownedParameter->deepclone()->oclAsType(Parameter));
  	method += activity;
  	if not self.isStub then {
	  	self.body.map toActivity(activity);
	  	addDefinition(activity, self.body);
	  /*
	    if self.isConstructor then
	    	// Defer mapping of constructor body until later, after the initialization infrastructure
	    	// is set up for the owning class.
	      method := object Activity {
	      	ownedParameter := result.ownedParameter->deepclone()->oclAsType(Parameter);
	      	visibility := VisibilityKind::protected;
	      }
	    else
	      method := self.body.map toActivity(result.ownedParameter->deepclone()->oclAsType(Parameter))
	    endif
	  */
  	} endif;
  } endif;
}

helper mapDefaultConstructor(inout method : Activity, class_ : Class, initializationOperation : Operation) {

  // Add an output parameter node.
	var returnParameter := method.ownedParameter->at(1);
	var outputNode := object ActivityParameterNode {
		activity := method;
		name := "Return";
		parameter := returnParameter;
	};	

  // Return context object as the constructor result.
	var readSelfAction := object ReadSelfAction {
		activity := method;
		name := "ReadSelf";
		_'result' := object OutputPin {
			name := "ReadSelf.result";
			type := class_;
			lower := 1;
			upper := 1;
		}
	};	
	var fork := object ForkNode {
		activity := method;
		name := "Fork(" + readSelfAction._'result'.name + ")";
	};	
	object ObjectFlow {
		activity := method;
		source := readSelfAction._'result';
		target := fork;
	};
	object ObjectFlow {
		activity := method;
		source := fork;
		target := outputNode;
	};
	
	// Add call to local initialization operation.	
	var callActionName := "Call(" + initializationOperation.name + ")";
	var callAction := object CallOperationAction {
		activity := method;
		name := callActionName;
    target := object InputPin {
    	name := callActionName + ".target";
    	type := readSelfAction._'result'.type;
    	lower := 1;
    	upper := 1;
    }
	};	
	object ObjectFlow {
		activity := method;
		source := fork;
		target := callAction.target;
	};
	
}

helper ClassDefinition::mapDefaultDestructor(inout method : Activity, class_ : Class) {
	var previousNode : ActivityNode := null;
	
	// Add calls to superclass destructors.
	self.specializationReferent->forEach(referent) {
		var superclass := referent.resolveone(Generalization).general.oclAsType(Class);
		var destructorOperation := superclass.destructorOperation();
		if destructorOperation <> null and destructorOperation.method->notEmpty() then {
			var destructorMethod := destructorOperation.method![true];
			var callAction := object CallBehaviorAction {
				activity := method;
				name := "Call(" + superclass.name + "::destroy)";
				behavior := destructorMethod;
			};
			if previousNode <> null then {
				object ControlFlow {
					activity := method;
					source := previousNode;
					target := callAction;
				};
			} endif;
			previousNode := callAction;
		} endif;	
	};
	
	// Add calls to destructors for composite attributes.
	class_.ownedAttribute->select(isComposite)->forEach(attribute) {
		var structuredNode := class_.mapDestructionOf(attribute);
		if structuredNode <> null then {
			structuredNode.activity := method;
			if previousNode <> null then {
				object ControlFlow {
					activity := method;
					source := previousNode;
					target := structuredNode;
				}
			} endif;
			previousNode := structuredNode;
		} endif;
	};
	
	// Add calls to destructors for opposite ends of composite associations.
	var additionalNodes : Set(StructuredActivityNode) := Set{};
	self.member.toReference().toUml()->
		select(oclIsKindOf(Association)).oclAsType(Association).ownedEnd->
		select(isComposite and opposite().type.conformsTo(class_))->forEach(associationEnd) {
			var structuredNode := class_.mapDestructionOf(associationEnd);
			if structuredNode <> null then {
				structuredNode.activity := method;
				additionalNodes += structuredNode;
			} endif;
		};
	if additionalNodes->size() = 1 then {
		var structuredNode = additionalNodes![true];
		structuredNode.activity := method;
		if previousNode <> null then {
			object ControlFlow {
				activity := method;
				source := previousNode;
				target := structuredNode;
			}
		} endif;
	} else if additionalNodes->size() > 1 then {
		var enclosingNode := object StructuredActivityNode {
			activity := method;
			name := "DestroyEnds";
			node := additionalNodes;
		};
		if previousNode <> null then {
			object ControlFlow {
				activity := method;
				source := previousNode;
				target := enclosingNode;
			}
		} endif;
	} endif endif;
	
}

// NOTE: This is necessary because the Property::opposite derived property
// does not seem to be computed properly.
query Property::opposite() : Property {
	// Precondition: self.association <> null.
	return self.association.memberEnd![e | e <> self];
}

helper Class::mapDestructionOf(property_ : Property) : StructuredActivityNode {
	var structuredNode : StructuredActivityNode := null;
	var propertyType :=  property_.type;	
	if propertyType<>null and propertyType.oclIsKindOf(Class) then {
		var targetClass := propertyType.oclAsType(Class);
		var destructorOperation := targetClass.destructorOperation();
		if destructorOperation <> null then {
			structuredNode := object StructuredActivityNode {
				name := "Destroy(" + property_.name + ")";
			};
		  var readSelfAction := object ReadSelfAction {
		  	inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
				name := "ReadSelf";
				_'result' := object OutputPin {
					name := "ReadSelf.result";
					type := self;
					lower := 1;
					upper := 1;
				}
			};
			var readActionName := "Read(" + property_.name + ")";
			var readAction := object ReadStructuralFeatureAction {
				inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
				name := readActionName;
				structuralFeature := property_;
				_'object' := object InputPin {
					name := readActionName + ".object";
					type := self;
					lower := 1;
					upper := 1;
				};
				_'result' := object OutputPin {
					name := readActionName + ".result";
					type := targetClass;
					lower := property_.lower;
					upper := property_.upper;
				}
			};
			object ObjectFlow {
				inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
				source := readSelfAction._'result';
				target := readAction._'object';
			};
			var callActionName := "Call(" + targetClass.name + "::destroy)";
			var callAction := object CallOperationAction {
				inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
				name := callActionName;
				target := object InputPin {
					name := callActionName + ".target";
					type := targetClass;
					lower := 1;
					upper := 1;
				}
			};
			if property_.upper = 1 then {
				object ObjectFlow {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					source := readAction._'result';
					target := callAction.target;
				}
			} else {
				var regionName := "DestroyAll(" + property_.name + ")";
				var region := object ExpansionRegion {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					mode := ExpansionKind::iterative;
					name := regionName;
					node := callAction;
				};
				object ControlFlow {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					source := readAction;
					target := region;
				};
				var inputNode := object ExpansionNode {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					regionAsInput := region;
					name := regionName + ".inputNode";
					type := targetClass;
				};
				object ObjectFlow {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					source := readAction._'result';
					target := inputNode;
				};
				object ObjectFlow {
					inStructuredNode := structuredNode;
					source := inputNode;
					target := callAction.target;
				};
			} endif;
		} endif;
	} endif;
	return structuredNode;
}

query Class::destructorOperation() : Operation {
	var destructors := self.ownedOperation->select(
		name = "destroy" and ownedParameter->isEmpty() and
		hasStereotype("Destroy")
	);
	return
		if destructors->isEmpty() then null
		else destructors![true] endif;
}

helper OperationDefinition::mapConstructor(initializationFlag : Property, initializationOperation : Operation) {
  var operation := self.resolveone(Operation);
  var method := operation.method![true].oclAsType(Activity);
  var structuredNodes := method.node->select(oclIsKindOf(StructuredActivityNode));
  var firstNode := 
  	if structuredNodes->isEmpty() then null
  	else structuredNodes![incoming->isEmpty()] endif;
  var bodyNode := self.firstBodyNode(firstNode);
  
  // Return context object as the constructor result.
  var readSelfAction := object ReadSelfAction {
  	activity := method;
		name := "ReadSelf";
		_'result' := object OutputPin {
			name := "ReadSelf.result";
			type := operation._'class';
			lower := 1;
			upper := 1;
		}
	};
	var selfFork := object ForkNode {
		name := "Fork(" + readSelfAction._'result'.name + ")";
  	activity := method;
	};
	object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
		source := readSelfAction._'result';
		target := selfFork;
	};
	
	var returnParameter := method.ownedParameter![direction = ParameterDirectionKind::_'return'];
	var outputNode := method.node[ActivityParameterNode]![parameter = returnParameter];
	object ObjectFlow {
  	activity := method;
		source := selfFork;
		target := outputNode;
	};
	
	if not self.hasAlternativeConstructorCall() then {
		
		// Insert call to local initialization operation.
		var callActionName := "Call(" + initializationOperation.name + ")";
		var callAction := object CallOperationAction {
	  	activity := method;
			name := callActionName;
	    target := object InputPin {
	    	name := callActionName + ".target";
	    	type := readSelfAction._'result'.type;
	    	lower := 1;
	    	upper := 1;
	    }
		};
		object ObjectFlow {
	  	activity := method;
			source := selfFork;
			target := callAction.target;
		};
		if firstNode = null then {
			firstNode := callAction;
		} else if bodyNode = null then {
			object ControlFlow {
				activity := method;
				source := firstNode;
				target := callAction;
			}
		} else {
			if bodyNode.incoming->isEmpty() then {
				firstNode := callAction;
		  } else {
				var incoming := bodyNode.incoming![true];
				object ControlFlow {
			  	activity := method;
					source := incoming.source;
					target := callAction;
				};
				incoming.source := callAction;
			} endif;
			object ControlFlow {
	  		activity := method;
				source := callAction;
				target := bodyNode;
			};
		} endif endif;
		
		// Add decision to skip constructor behavior if this object is already initialized.
		var readActionName := "Read(" + initializationFlag.name + ")";
		var readAction := object ReadStructuralFeatureAction {
	  	activity := method;
			name := readActionName;
			structuralFeature := initializationFlag;
			_'object' := object InputPin {
				name := readActionName + ".object";
				type := operation._'class';
				lower := 1;
				upper := 1;
			};
			_'result' := object OutputPin {
				name := readActionName + ".result";
				type := initializationFlag.type;
				lower := 0;
				upper := 1;
			};
		};
		object ObjectFlow {
	  	activity := method;
			source := selfFork;
			target := readAction._'object';
		};
		
		var functionSize := self.functionSize();
		var sizeActionName := "Call(" + functionSize.name + ")";
		var sizeAction := object CallBehaviorAction {
	  	activity := method;
			name := sizeActionName;
			argument += object InputPin {
				name := sizeActionName + ".argument";
				lower := 0;
				upper := -1;
			};
			_'result' += object OutputPin {
				name := sizeActionName + ".result";
				type := self.integerType().toUml().oclAsType(Type);
				lower := 1;
				upper := 1;
			};
		};
		object ObjectFlow {
	  	activity := method;
			source := readAction._'result';
			target := sizeAction.argument->at(1);
		};
		
		var valueAction := object ValueSpecificationAction {
	  	activity := method;
			name := "Value(0)";
			_'result' := object OutputPin {
				name := "Value(0).result";
				type := self.integerType().toUml().oclAsType(Type);
				lower := 1;
				upper := 1;
			}
		};
		
		var testAction := object TestIdentityAction {
	  	activity := method;
			name := "Test(Size==0)";
			first := object InputPin {
				name := "Test(Size==0).first";
				lower := 0;
				upper := 1;
			};
			second := object InputPin {
				name := "Test(Size==0).second";
				lower := 0;
				upper := 1;
			};
			_'result' := object OutputPin {
				name := "Test(Size==0).result";
				type := self.booleanType().toUml().oclAsType(Type);
				lower := 1;
				upper := 1;
			}
		};
		object ObjectFlow {
	  	activity := method;
			source := sizeAction._'result'->at(1);
			target := testAction.first;
		};
		object ObjectFlow {
	  	activity := method;
			source := valueAction._'result';
			target := testAction.second;
		};
		
		var initialNode := object InitialNode {
	  	activity := method;
			name := "InitialNode";
		};
		
		var decisionGraph := createControlDecisionGraph(
			"Test(" + initializationFlag.name + ")",
			initialNode, testAction._'result', firstNode, null
		);
		method.ownedNode += decisionGraph.nodes;
		method.edge += decisionGraph.edges;
		
	} endif;
  
}

/*
helper AnnotatedStatement::serializeMethodCall() : String {
  var expression := self.statement.oclAsType(ExpressionStatement).
    expression.oclAsType(SuperInvocationExpression);
  // log("[serializeMethodCall] expression=" + expression.serialize());
  // log(" expression.referent=" + expression.referent.name());
  return
    concat(self.statement.annotation().serialize()->asSequence()) +
    adjustName(expression.referent.toUml().oclAsType(Operation).method![true].qualifiedName) + 
        expression.tuple.serialize() + "; "
}


helper concat(strings : Sequence(String)) : String {
	return strings->iterate(string; s : String = "" | s + string + " ");
}
*/

helper OperationDefinition::hasAlternativeConstructorCall() : Boolean {
	return self.body <> null and self.body.statement->notEmpty() and
	let statement = self.body.statement->at(1).statement in
	  statement.oclIsKindOf(ExpressionStatement) and
	  let expression = statement.oclAsType(ExpressionStatement).expression in
	    expression.oclIsKindOf(FeatureInvocationExpression) and
	    expression.oclAsType(FeatureInvocationExpression).referent.isConstructor();
}

query OperationDefinition::firstBodyNode(firstNode : ActivityNode) : ActivityNode {
	var i := self.indexOfBodyStatement();
	return
		if i > self.body.statement->size() then null
		else
			while (node := firstNode; i > 1) {
				node := node.outgoing![true].target;
				i := i - 1;
			}
		endif;
}

query OperationDefinition::indexOfBodyStatement() : Integer {
  // log("[indexOfBodyStatement] operation=" + self.name);
	return 
    while (i := 1; i <= self.body.statement->size() and 
	        self.body.statement->at(i).statement.isSuperConstructorInvocation()) {
	    // log("  i=" + i.toString() + ",  statement=" + self.body.statement->at(i).statement.serialize());
		  i := i + 1;
	  }
}

query Statement::isSuperConstructorInvocation() : Boolean {
  // log("[isSuperConstructorInvocation] statement=" + self.serialize());
	return false;
}

query ExpressionStatement::isSuperConstructorInvocation() : Boolean {
  // log("[isSuperConstructorInvocation] expressionStatement=" + self.serialize());
  // log(" isSuperInvocationExpresion=" + self.expression.oclIsKindOf(SuperInvocationExpression).toString());
	var is := let expression = self.expression in
	  expression.oclIsKindOf(SuperInvocationExpression) and
	  let referent = expression.oclAsType(SuperInvocationExpression).referent() in
	   referent<>null and referent.isConstructor();
	// log("  isSuperConstructorInvocation=" + is.toString());
	return is;
}

// Reception Definitions

mapping ReceptionDefinition::toReception() : Reception
  inherits MemberDefinition::toNamedElement {
  name := self.signalName.unqualifiedName.toName();
  if self.signal <> null then
  	let sig = self.signal.toUml() in
    	if sig.oclIsKindOf(Signal) then 
    	  signal := sig.oclAsType(Signal) 
    	endif
	endif
}

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